Externally Equalized Bypass Valves

The primary function of the DBV is to maintain suction pressure. Thus, the compressor suction pressure is the control pressure. It must be exerted on the underside of the valve diaphragm. When the DBV is applied as shown in Fig. 11-38, where there is an appreciable pressure drop between the valve outlet and the compressor suction, the externally equalized valve must be used. This is true because when the valve opens, a sudden rise in pressure occurs at the valve outlet. This creates a false control pressure, which would cause the internally equalized valve to close.

Many refrigeration systems and water chillers do not use refrigerant distributors but may require some method of compressor capacity control. This type of application provides the advantages discussed earlier.

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