Testing The Stator Winding

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Testing The Stator Winding

The stator winding of a single-phase motor is generally tested with an ohmmeter. The ohmmeter test can be used to determine if a winding is open or grounded. Many single-phase motors have one lead of the run and start windings connected as shown in Figure 11–15. To test the windings for an open, connect one …

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Capacitor-Start Induction-Run Motors

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Capacitor-Start Induction-Run Motors

Capacitor-start induction-run motors are very similar to resistance-start induction-run motors. The design of the stator winding is basically the same. The main difference is that a capacitor is connected in series with the start winding, as shown in Figure 11–11. Inductive loads cause the current to lag the applied voltage. Capacitors, however, cause the current …

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Resistance-Start Induction-Run Motor

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Resistance-Start Induction-Run Motor

The rotating magnetic field of the resistance-start induction-run motor is produced by the out-of-phase currents in the run and start windings. Since the run winding appears more inductive and less resistive than the start winding, the current flow in the run winding will be close to 90 degrees out-of-phase with the applied voltage. The start …

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HVAC Fire and Smoke Dampers

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HVAC Fire and Smoke Dampers

Ventilating, air-conditioning, and heating ducts provide a path for fire and smoke, which can travel throughout a building. The ordinary types of dampers that are often installed in these ducts depend on gravity-close action or spring-and-level mechanisms. When their releases are activated, they are freed to drop inside the duct. A fusible link attachment to …

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Types of Registers and Grilles

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The spread of an unrestricted air stream is determined by the grille bar deflection. Grilles with vertical face bars at 0° deflection will have a maximum throw value. As the deflection setting of vertical bars is increased, the air stream covers a wider area and the throw decreases. Registers are available with adjustable valves. An …

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Return grille sound requirement

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Return air grilles should be selected for static pressures. These pressures will provide the required NC rating and conform to the return system performance characteristics. Fan sound power is transmitted through the return air system as well as the supply system. Fan silencing may be necessary or desirable in the return side. This is particularly …

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HVAC Vortex Shedding

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Product research in controlling casing noise has developed a new method of reducing radiated noise. The technique is known as vortex shedding. When applied to terminal boxes, casing radiated noise is dramatically lowered. Casing radiation attenuation (CRA) vortex shedders can be installed in all single- or dual-duct boxes up to 7000 cfm, constant volume or …

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HVAC Controlling Casing Noise

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Terminal boxes can sometimes be located over noisy areas (corridors, toilet areas or machine equipment rooms), rather than over quiet areas. In quiet areas casing noise can penetrate the suspended ceiling and become objectionable. Enclosures built around the terminal box (such as sheetrock or sheet lead over a glass-fiber blanket wrapped around the box) can …

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HVAC Air Noise

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High velocities in the duct or diffuser typically generate air noise. The flow turbulence in the duct and the excessive pressure reductions in the duct and diffuser system also generate noise. Such noise is most apparent directly under the diffuser. Room background levels of NC 35 and less provide little masking effect. Any noise source …

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HVAC Pressure Requirement

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The diffuser or grille minimum pressure for a given air volume reflects itself in ultimate system fan horsepower requirements. A diffuser or grille with a lower pressure rating requires less total energy than a unit with a higher pressure rating for a given air volume and effective area. Diffusers and grilles of a given size …

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